Matthieu J.B. Cartigny
Direct evidence of a high-concentration basal layer in a submarine turbidity current
Cartigny, Matthieu J.B.; Talling, Peter J.; Simmons, Stephen M.; Paull, Charles K.; Maier, Katherine L.; Wang, Zhiwen; Xu, Jingping; Talling, Peter J; Cartigny, Matthieu J B; Simmons, Stephen M; Gwiazda, Roberto; Paull, Charles K; Maier, Katherine L; Parsons, Daniel R.
Peter J. Talling
Stephen M. Simmons
Charles K. Paull
Katherine L. Maier
Peter J Talling
Matthieu J B Cartigny
Dr Steve Simmons S.Simmons@hull.ac.uk
Charles K Paull
Katherine L Maier
Professor Daniel Parsons D.Parsons@hull.ac.uk
Professor in Sedimentology/ Director, Energy and Environment Institute
Submarine turbidity currents are one of the most important sediment transfer processes on earth. Yet the fundamental nature of turbidity currents is still debated; especially whether they are entirely dilute and turbulent, or a thin and dense basal layer drives the flow. This major knowledge gap is mainly due to a near-complete lack of direct measurements of sediment concentration within active submarine flows. Here we present the most detailed near-bed sediment concentrations measurements from a powerful turbidity current in Monterey Canyon, offshore California. We employ a novel approach using correlations between conductivity and sediment concentration, which unlike previous methods can measure very high concentrations and not sensitive to grain size. We find that sediment concentrations close to the canyon floor gradually increased after the arrival of the turbidity current, until reaching a maximum value of 12%, the highest concentration ever inferred from direct measurements in turbidity currents. We also show a two-layer flow head, with a fast (up to 4 m/s), thin and dense basal layer overlain by a thicker (~50 m) dilute flow. At the interface of these two layers, there seems to be a sharp steep concentration gradient. Such quantitative measurements of sediment concentration can produce a key step forward in understanding the basic character and dynamics of these powerful submarine flows.
Maier, K. L., Paull, C. K., Cartigny, M. J., Simmons, S. M., Talling, P. J., Wang, Z., …Parsons, D. R. (in press). Direct evidence of a high-concentration basal layer in a submarine turbidity current. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2020.103300
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Apr 15, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 23, 2020|
|Deposit Date||Apr 23, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 24, 2021|
|Journal||Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Turbidity currents; Sediment concentration; Seawater conductivity; Monterey canyon|
This file is under embargo until Apr 24, 2021 due to copyright reasons.
Contact S.Simmons@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
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