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Should a retailer sell its own extended warranties or resell those from the manufacturer when confronting supplier encroachment?

Chai, Junwu; Li, Hengyu; Yan, Wei; Li, Youwei

Authors

Junwu Chai

Hengyu Li

Wei Yan



Abstract

Due to fierce competition in the product market under conditions of supplier encroachment, many brand name retailers, including Sears, Best Buy, and Circuit City, depend on the extended warranty contracts that they sell along with the products. The distribution of extended warranties through an intermediary can be characterized in terms of two basic forms. A large proportion of retailers sell their own extended warranty, whilst others choose to resell the extended warranty provided by upstream agents. Several questions arise from these conditions. How will optimum decisions vary under different strategic choice? Is it profitable for a retailer to engage in selling extended warranties? And finally, which strategy is more profitable for related players? We answer these questions using a game theoretic model where the retailer has the flexibility to choose between offering its own extended warranties (Model ER) or reselling extended warranties provided by a manufacturer (Model EM). Our analysis reveals that it is indeed a profitable business for both parties when the retailer engages in selling extended warranty, irrespective of whether they are owned by the retailer or by the manufacturer. Surprisingly, we find that, when marketing cost of the extended warranty is high, the retailer benefits more from reselling the extended warranty, a strategy that is always beneficial for the manufacturer. Put differently, when marketing cost of the extended warranty is high, reselling extended warranties from the manufacturer can secure Pareto improvements. However, when marketing cost of the extended warranty is not pronounced, a preference confliction arises between both parties: The retailer prefers to sell its own extended warranty, while the manufacturer would be fond of the other one. Extending both models to the case where the manufacturer encroaches into retail market with selling both products and extended warranty reveals that the preference confliction between both parties is quite robust.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Journal of the Operational Research Society
Print ISSN 0160-5682
Electronic ISSN 1476-9360
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Chai, J., Li, H., Yan, W., & Li, Y. (in press). Should a retailer sell its own extended warranties or resell those from the manufacturer when confronting supplier encroachment?. Journal of the Operational Research Society, https://doi.org/10.1080/01605682.2020.1759383
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/01605682.2020.1759383
Keywords Supply chain; E-commerce; Supplier encroachment; Extended warranty; Game theory
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01605682.2020.1759383?journalCode=tjor20
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope: http://www.tandfonline....ope&journalCode=tjor20; Received: 2018-12-28; Revised: 2020-04-07; Accepted: 2020-04-20; Published: 2020-07-02
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