The Wenchuan earthquake caused rapid and gradual changes to the local geomorphology in the earthquake-stricken area. Extreme rainfall events can have strong impacts on local geomorphic evolution and alter the risks of subsequent geohazards and flooding. However, there is still lack of understanding of long-term geomorphic and fluvial evolution in face of changing future climate. In this paper, we first perform the future extreme rainfall projection and then analyze the landscape evolution variation under future climate change with the CAESAR-Lisflood model. A new approach to applying the ‘NASA Earth Exchange Global Daily Downscaled Projections (NEX-GDDP)’ dataset at the local scale is presented, and a future landscape evolution analysis is conducted. We used spatial (tailoring process) and statistical temporal downscaling methods with NEX-GDDP data to project future extreme rainfall in combination with the CAESAR-Lisflood model to simulate the landscape evolution in response to climate change. The results showed that the future rainfall projection model can provide the most robust and effective representative of future climate change scenarios at the local scale, the geological and geomorphological environment of the basin continues to change dynamically after the earthquake, and nearly 27 years (~2035) are needed before the geomorphology of the basin stabilizes, and then, the yearly yield remains at an average rate of 1 × 104 m3. Post-earthquake mountainous area response and recovery characteristics to a changing future climate can provide important information on future geohazard projections and measures to be taken.
Li, C., Wang, M., Liu, K., & Coulthard, T. J. (2020). Landscape evolution of the Wenchuan earthquake-stricken area in response to future climate change. Journal of hydrology, 590, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125244