From DPSIR the DAPSI(W) R(M) Emerges… a Butterfly - ‘protecting the natural stuff and delivering the human stuff’
Elliott, Michael; O’Higgins, Timothy G.
Professor Mike Elliott Mike.Elliott@hull.ac.uk
Emeritus Professor of Estuarine and Coastal Sciences/ Research Professor, Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies
Timothy G. O’Higgins
Timothy G. O’Higgins
Theodore H. DeWitt
The complexity of interactions and feedbacks between human activities and ecosystems can make the analysis of such social-ecological systems intractable. In order to provide a common means to understand and analyse the links between social and ecological process within these systems, a range of analytical frameworks have been developed and adopted. Following decades of practical experience in implementation, the Driver Pressure State Impact Response (DPSIR) conceptual framework has been adapted and re-developed to become the D(A)PSI(W)R(M). This paper describes in detail the D(A)PSI(W)R(M) and its development from the original DPSIR conceptual frame. Despite its diverse application and demonstrated utility, a number of inherent shortcomings are identified. In particular the DPSIR model family tend to be best suited to individual environmental pressures and human activities and their resulting environmental problems, having a limited focus on the supply and demand of benefits from nature. We present a derived framework, the “Butterfly”, a more holistic approach designed to expand the concept. The “Butterfly” model, moves away from the centralised accounting framework approach while more-fully incorporating the complexity of social and ecological systems, and the supply and demand of ecosystem services, which are central to human-environment interactions.
Elliott, M., & O’Higgins, T. G. (2020). From DPSIR the DAPSI(W) R(M) Emerges… a Butterfly - ‘protecting the natural stuff and delivering the human stuff’. In T. G. O’Higgins, M. Lago, & T. H. DeWitt (Eds.), Ecosystem-Based Management, Ecosystem Services and Aquatic Biodiversity (61-86). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-45843-0_4
Online Publication Date
Aug 18, 2020
May 27, 2022
Publicly Available Date
Nov 22, 2022
Ecosystem-Based Management, Ecosystem Services and Aquatic Biodiversity