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A New Approach for Researching Victims: The 'Strength-Growth-Resilience' Framework

Green, Simon; Calverley, Adam; O'leary, Nicola


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Professor Simon Green
Professor of Criminology & Victimology / Senior Researcher in Modern Slavery, Wilberforce Institute

Adam Calverley


This paper proposes a new framework for researching victims that blends appreciative inquiry methods used by prison researchers with narrative interview methods used by desistance researchers to investigate victim 'strength-growth-resilience'. Alongside established victimological concerns with the extent, distribution and treatment of crime victims, this framework offers an alternative lens that focuses on victim agency, identity and transformation. Building on the emancipatory project of feminist victimology, narrative and cultural criminology and an emerging narrative victimology the framework aims to provide a new conceptual reference point for victimological research. The article's objectives are to demonstrate that this framework delivers a theoretically, empirically and ethically robust approach for exploring the mechanisms by which victims become resilient, and can even flourish, in the aftermath of criminal harm.


Green, S., Calverley, A., & O'leary, N. (2021). A New Approach for Researching Victims: The 'Strength-Growth-Resilience' Framework. The British journal of criminology, 61(3), 852-871.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 10, 2020
Online Publication Date Feb 8, 2021
Publication Date May 1, 2021
Deposit Date Mar 15, 2021
Publicly Available Date Feb 9, 2023
Journal British Journal of Criminology
Print ISSN 0007-0955
Electronic ISSN 1464-3529
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 61
Issue 3
Article Number azaa093
Pages 852-871
Keywords Resilience; Appreciative inquiry; Desistance; Narrative; Cultural victimology; Identity
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