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A New Approach for Researching Victims: the ‘Strength-Growth-Resilience’ Framework

Green, Simon; Calverley, Adam; O’Leary, Nicola


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Professor Simon Green
Professor of Criminology & Victimology / Senior Researcher in Modern Slavery, Wilberforce Institute


This paper proposes a new framework for researching victims that blends appreciative inquiry methods used by prison researchers (Liebling, Elliott and Arnold 2001) with narrative interview methods used by desistance researchers (Maruna 2001) to investigate victim 'strength-growth-resilience'. Alongside established victimological concerns with the extent, distribution and treatment of crime victims, this framework offers an alternative lens that focuses on victim agency, identity and transformation. Building on the emancipatory project of feminist victimology (Davies 2017), narrative and cultural criminology (Presser 2016, Ferrell, Hayward and Young 2008) and an emerging narrative victimology (Pemberton 2019, Walklate 2019) the framework aims to provide a new conceptual reference point for victimological research. The article's objectives are to demonstrate that this framework delivers a theoretically, empirically and ethically robust approach for exploring the mechanisms by which victims become resilient, and can even flourish, in the aftermath of criminal harm.


Green, S., Calverley, A., & O’Leary, N. (in press). A New Approach for Researching Victims: the ‘Strength-Growth-Resilience’ Framework. The British journal of criminology,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 10, 2020
Online Publication Date Feb 8, 2021
Deposit Date Mar 15, 2021
Publicly Available Date Feb 9, 2023
Journal The British Journal of Criminology
Print ISSN 0007-0955
Electronic ISSN 1464-3529
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Article Number azaa093
Keywords Resilience; Appreciative inquiry; Desistance; Narrative; Cultural victimology; Identity
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