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Israel’s Democracy and Security

Cohen-Almagor, Raphael; Guiora, Amos N.


Amos N. Guiora


Leonard Weinberg

Elizabeth Francis

Eliot Assoudeh


Israel’s national security environment is volatile, extreme in the breadth and frequency of change in its level of uncertainty. Israel has four Arab neighbor states: Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. Israel has signed peace treaties with two of its neighbors, Egypt and Jordan. But permanent hostility defines Israel’s relationships with Syria, Lebanon, Hamas in Gaza and the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank. In recent years, Israel has witnessed new non-state actors in Syria with the potential to interfere with the integrity of the State of Israel and pose threats. Israel differs from its neighbors in many crucial respects: religion, culture, language and regime. Over time its neighbors have refused to accept it, perceiving Israel as a bone in their throats. Many Palestinians and Arabs in the neighboring states still consider Israel a foreign element that needs to be removed. As the Arab states are collectively many times stronger and larger than Israel in means, size and population, Israel takes every threat most seriously. Israel’s history is thus the history of survival.


Cohen-Almagor, R., & Guiora, A. N. (2020). Israel’s Democracy and Security. In L. Weinberg, E. Francis, & E. Assoudeh (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Democracy and Security. London: Routledge.

Acceptance Date Feb 12, 2019
Online Publication Date Dec 22, 2020
Publication Date Dec 23, 2020
Deposit Date Feb 16, 2021
Publisher Routledge
Edition 1st
Book Title Routledge Handbook of Democracy and Security
Chapter Number 11
ISBN 9781138799981
Keywords Israel; Defence; Security
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Raphael Cohen-Almagor and Amos Guiora, “Democracy and Security in Israel”, in Leonard Weinberg, Elizabeth Francis et al (Editors), Routledge Handbook of Democracy and Security (London and New York: Routledge, 2021): 172-190.