A circular economy approach for industrial scale biodiesel production from palm oil mill effluent using microwave heating: Design, simulation, techno-economic analysis and location comparison
Waudby, Harry; Zein, Sharif H.
Dr Sharif Zein S.H.Zein@hull.ac.uk
This paper examines a green approach to produce industrial-scale biodiesel from a palm oil mill effluent (POME) using Microwave Heating. Kinetic data were determined for this reaction and implemented into the Aspen HYSYS simulation software to produce an economic analysis of the process. It was found that the process is economically feasible with the inclusion of significant recycle streams and additional separation equipment. It was found that Malaysia might be the best location to repurpose palm oil mill effluent (POME) because of palm oil production density. Thailand provides modest sea access and the best direct connection with mainland Asia, proving advantageous when distributing biodiesel fuel. Although Malaysia shares this connection to the mainland, terrestrial transport would have to travel a greater distance, increasing costs and emissions. Indonesia, however, offers the largest number of potential plant locations with direct sea access.
Waudby, H., & Zein, S. H. (2021). A circular economy approach for industrial scale biodiesel production from palm oil mill effluent using microwave heating: Design, simulation, techno-economic analysis and location comparison. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 148, 1006-1018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2021.02.011
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Feb 8, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Feb 16, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Feb 26, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Feb 17, 2022|
|Journal||Process Safety and Environmental Protection|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Biodiesel; Palm oil mill effluent (POME); Microwave heating; Techno-economic analysis; Simulation; Circular economy|
This file is under embargo until Feb 17, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact S.H.Zein@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
You might also like
Esterification of residual palm oil using solid acid catalyst derived from rice husk
Recovery of oil from palm oil mill effluent using polypropylene micro/nanofiber