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Structural and functional correlates of hypnotic depth and suggestibility

McGeown, William Jonathan; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Vannucci, Manila; Venneri, Annalena

Authors

William Jonathan McGeown

Giuliana Mazzoni

Manila Vannucci

Annalena Venneri



Abstract

This study explores whether self-reported depth of hypnosis and hypnotic suggestibility are associated with individual differences in neuroanatomy and/or levels of functional connectivity. Twenty-nine people varying in suggestibility were recruited and underwent structural, and after a hypnotic induction, functional magnetic resonance imaging at rest. We used voxel-based morphometry to assess the correlation of grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM) against the independent variables: depth of hypnosis, level of relaxation and hypnotic suggestibility. Functional networks identified with independent components analysis were regressed with the independent variables. Hypnotic depth ratings were positively correlated with GM volume in the frontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Hypnotic suggestibility was positively correlated with GM volume in the left temporal-occipital cortex. Relaxation ratings did not correlate significantly with GM volume and none of the independent variables correlated with regional WM volume measures. Self-reported deeper levels of hypnosis were associated with less connectivity within the anterior default mode network. Taken together, the results suggest that the greater GM volume in the medial frontal cortex and ACC, and lower connectivity in the DMN during hypnosis facilitate experiences of greater hypnotic depth. The patterns of results suggest that hypnotic depth and hypnotic suggestibility should not be considered synonyms.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2015-02
Journal Psychiatry research: neuroimaging
Print ISSN 0925-4927
Electronic ISSN 1872-7506
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 231
Issue 2
Pages 151-159
Institution Citation McGeown, W. J., Mazzoni, G., Vannucci, M., & Venneri, A. (2015). Structural and functional correlates of hypnotic depth and suggestibility. Neuroimaging. Psychiatry research, 231(2), 151-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2014.11.015
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2014.11.015
Keywords Hypnosis, Susceptibility, Voxel-based morphometry, Grey matter, White matter, Functional connectivity
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925492714003126
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published by Elsevier.

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© 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International







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