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CO₂ gasification of bio-char derived from conventional and microwave pyrolysis

Wu, Chunfei; Budarin, Vitaliy L.; Wang, Meihong; Sharifi, Vida; Gronnow, Mark J.; Wu, Yajue; Swithenbank, Jim; Clark, James H.; Williams, Paul T.


Chunfei Wu

Vitaliy L. Budarin

Meihong Wang

Vida Sharifi

Mark J. Gronnow

Yajue Wu

Jim Swithenbank

James H. Clark

Paul T. Williams


Thermal-chemical processing of biomass is expected to provide renewable and clean energy and fuels in the future. Due to the nature of endothermic reactions, microwave and conventional heating have been applied to this technology. However, more studies need to be carried out to clarify the difference between these two heating technologies. In this work, we investigated two bio-char samples produced from conventional pyrolysis of wood biomass (yield of bio-char: 38.48 and 59.70 wt.%, respectively) and one bio-char produced from microwave pyrolysis with a yield of 45.16 wt.% from the same biomass sample at different process conditions. Various methodologies have been used to characterise the bio-chars. CO₂ gasification of bio-char has also been studied using a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) and a fixed-bed reaction system. The results show that volatile and carbon contents of the bio-char derived from microwave pyrolysis were between the two conventional bio-chars. However, the microwave bio-char is more reactive for CO₂ gasification, as more CO was released during TGA experiments, and the CO release peak was narrower compared with the CO₂ gasification of the conventional bio-chars. It is suggested that the conventional bio-char is less reactive due to the presence of more secondary chars which are produced from secondary reactions of volatiles during the conventional biomass pyrolysis. While the microwave pyrolysis generates more uniform bio-chars with less secondary char, and therefore, has advantages of producing bio-char for downstream char gasification.


Wu, C., Budarin, V. L., Wang, M., Sharifi, V., Gronnow, M. J., Wu, Y., …Williams, P. T. (2015). CO₂ gasification of bio-char derived from conventional and microwave pyrolysis. Applied energy, 157, 533-539.

Acceptance Date Apr 18, 2015
Online Publication Date May 19, 2015
Publication Date Nov 1, 2015
Deposit Date May 5, 2015
Publicly Available Date May 19, 2015
Journal Applied energy
Print ISSN 0306-2619
Electronic ISSN 1872-9118
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 157
Pages 533-539
Keywords Bio-char; Microave pyrolysis; Conventional pyrolysis; CO₂ gasification; Biomass
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Applied energy, 2015, v.157


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