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High speed synchrotron X-ray imaging studies of the ultrasound shockwave and enhanced flow during metal solidification processes

Tan, Dongyue; Lee, Tung Lik; Khong, Jia Chuan; Connolley, Thomas; Fezzaa, Kamel; Mi, Jiawei


Dongyue Tan

Tung Lik Lee

Jia Chuan Khong

Thomas Connolley

Kamel Fezzaa


The highly dynamic behaviour of ultrasonic bubble implosion in liquid metal, the multiphase liquid metal flow containing bubbles and particles, and the interaction between ultrasonic waves and semisolid phases during solidification of metal were studied in situ using the complementary ultrafast and high speed synchrotron X-ray imaging facilities housed respectively at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, US, and Diamond Light Source, UK. Real-time ultrafast X-ray imaging of 135,780 frames per second (fps) revealed that ultrasonic bubble implosion in a liquid Bi-8 wt. %Zn alloy can occur in a single wave period (30 kHz), and the effective region affected by the shockwave at implosion was 3.5 times the original bubble diameter. Furthermore, ultrasound bubbles in liquid metal move faster than the primary particles, and the velocity of bubbles is 70 ~ 100% higher than that of the primary particles present in the same locations close to the sonotrode. Ultrasound waves can very effectively create a strong swirling flow in a semisolid melt in less than one second. The energetic flow can detach solid particles from the liquid-solid interface and redistribute them back into the bulk liquid very effectively.


Tan, D., Lee, T. L., Khong, J. C., Connolley, T., Fezzaa, K., & Mi, J. (2015). High speed synchrotron X-ray imaging studies of the ultrasound shockwave and enhanced flow during metal solidification processes. Metallurgical and materials transactions. A, Physical metallurgy and materials science, 46(7), 2851-2861.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 15, 2015
Online Publication Date Mar 31, 2015
Publication Date Jul 26, 2015
Deposit Date May 7, 2015
Publicly Available Date May 7, 2015
Journal Metallurgical and materials transactions A
Print ISSN 1073-5623
Electronic ISSN 1543-1940
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 46
Issue 7
Pages 2851-2861
Keywords Metal solidification processes
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Author's accepted manuscript of article published in: Metallurgical and materials transactions A, 2015, v.46, issue 7. The final publication is available at Springer via


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