Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Photometric studies of Abell 1664: the subtle effect a minor merger has on cluster galaxies

Kleiner, Dane; Pimbblet, Kevin A.; Owers, Matt S.; Jones, D. Heath; Stephenson, Andrew P.


Dane Kleiner

Matt S. Owers

D. Heath Jones

Andrew P. Stephenson


A combination of BRI photometry and archival Chandra X-ray data have been used to analyse the effects a minor merger has on the galaxy population of A1664. We utilize adaptive smoothing techniques in the 2D spatial distribution of cluster galaxies to reveal substructure ∼800 kpc south of the cluster core. We identify this substructure as most likely the remnant core of a merging group which has passed pericentre and responsible for triggering a cold front in the cluster core. We define two samples to represent two different environments within A1664 in accordance with the location of the substructure. We apply a morphological analysis using concentration–asymmetry–clumpiness, M₂₀ and Gini to these samples to deduce if there has been any significant effect on the cluster galaxies due to this interaction. We find that there are more asymmetric galaxies found in the inner sample (at the 3.7σ level) which are likely due to galaxy–galaxy interactions as the merging group passed through core passage. No other differences were found between the inner and outer cluster in our morphological analysis, which we attribute to the limited resolution of our imagery. The colour profiles of the galaxies are found to be consistent with the morphology–density relation suggesting that there is no unique environmental effect in A1664 that has enhanced galaxy transformations. This study favours the star formation of cluster galaxies being quenched well before they are able to interact with the merging group and demonstrates that a minor cluster merger has little effect on the observable parameters of cluster galaxies such as morphology and colour.


Kleiner, D., Pimbblet, K. A., Owers, M. S., Jones, D. H., & Stephenson, A. P. (2014). Photometric studies of Abell 1664: the subtle effect a minor merger has on cluster galaxies. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 439(3), 2755-2764.

Acceptance Date Jan 16, 2014
Online Publication Date Feb 26, 2014
Publication Date Apr 11, 2014
Deposit Date Jun 15, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jun 15, 2015
Journal Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 439
Issue 3
Pages 2755-2764
Keywords Galaxies -- clusters -- general; Galaxies -- clusters -- individual -- Abell 1664; Galaxies -- evolution; Galaxies -- photometry; Galaxies -- structure
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


You might also like

Downloadable Citations