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Shapley Supercluster Survey: Galaxy evolution from filaments to cluster cores

Merluzzi, P.; Busarello, G.; Haines, C. P.; Mercurio, A.; Okabe, N.; Pimbblet, K. J.; Dopita, M. A.; Grado, A.; Limatola, L.; Bourdin, H.; Mazzotta, P.; Capaccioli, M.; Napolitano, N. R.; Schipani, P.


P. Merluzzi

G. Busarello

C. P. Haines

A. Mercurio

N. Okabe

M. A. Dopita

A. Grado

L. Limatola

H. Bourdin

P. Mazzotta

M. Capaccioli

N. R. Napolitano

P. Schipani


We present an overview of a multiwavelength survey of the Shapley Supercluster (SSC; z ∼ 0.05) covering a contiguous area of 260 h−2 70 Mpc² including the supercluster core. The project main aim is to quantify the influence of cluster-scale mass assembly on galaxy evolution in one of the most massive structures in the local Universe. The Shapley Supercluster Survey (ShaSS) includes nine Abell clusters (A3552, A3554, A3556, A3558, A3559, A3560, A3562, AS0724, AS0726) and two poor clusters (SC1327−312, SC1329−313) showing evidence of cluster–cluster interactions. Optical (ugri) and near-infrared (K) imaging acquired with VLT Survey Telescope and Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy allow us to study the galaxy population down to m + 6 at the supercluster redshift. A dedicated spectroscopic survey with AAOmega on the Anglo-Australian Telescope provides a magnitude-limited sample of supercluster members with 80 per cent completeness at ∼m + 3. We derive the galaxy density across the whole area, demonstrating that all structures within this area are embedded in a single network of clusters, groups and filaments. The stellar mass density in the core of the SSC is always higher than 9 × 10⁹ MʘMpc⁻³, which is ∼40× the cosmic stellar mass density for galaxies in the local Universe. We find a new filamentary structure (∼7 Mpc long in projection) connecting the SSC core to the cluster A3559, as well as previously unidentified density peaks. We perform a weak-lensing analysis of the central 1 deg² field of the survey obtaining for the central cluster A3558 a mass of M₅₀₀ = 7.63+3.88 −3.40 × 10¹⁴ Mʘ, in agreement with X-ray based estimates.


Merluzzi, P., Busarello, G., Haines, C. P., Mercurio, A., Okabe, N., Pimbblet, K. J., …Schipani, P. (2015). Shapley Supercluster Survey: Galaxy evolution from filaments to cluster cores. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 446(1), 803-822.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 6, 2014
Online Publication Date Nov 13, 2014
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Deposit Date Jun 17, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jun 17, 2015
Journal Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 446
Issue 1
Pages 803-822
Keywords Gravitational lensing -- weak; Galaxies -- clusters -- general; Galaxies -- clusters -- individual -- A3552, A3554, A3556, A3558, A3559, A3560, A3562, AS0724, AS0726, SC1327- 312, SC1329-313; Galaxies -- evolution; Galaxies -- photometry; Galaxies -- stel
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Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


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