Process analysis of pressurized oxy-coal power cycle for carbon capture application integrated with liquid air power generation and binary cycle engines
Aneke, Mathew; Wang, Meihong
In this paper, the thermodynamic advantage of integrating liquid air power generation (LAPG) process and binary cycle waste heat recovery technology to a standalone pressurized oxy-coal combustion supercritical steam power generation cycle is investigated through modeling and simulation using Aspen Plus® simulation software version 8.4. The study shows that the integration of LAPG process and the use of binary cycle heat engine which convert waste heat from compressor exhaust to electricity, in a standalone pressurized oxy-coal combustion supercritical steam power generation cycle improves the thermodynamic efficiency of the pressurized oxy-coal process. The analysis indicates that such integration can give about 12–15% increase in thermodynamic efficiency when compared with a standalone pressurized oxy-coal process with or without CO2 capture. It was also found that in a pressurized oxy-coal process, it is better to pump the liquid oxygen from the cryogenic ASU to a very high pressure prior to vapourization in the cryogenic ASU main heat exchanger and subsequently expand the gaseous oxygen to the required combustor pressure than either compressing the atmospheric gaseous oxygen produced from the cryogenic ASU directly to the combustor pressure or pumping the liquid oxygen to the combustor pressure prior to vapourization in the cryogenic ASU main heat exchanger. The power generated from the compressor heat in the flue gas purification, carbon capture and compression unit using binary cycle heat engine was also found to offset about 65% of the power consumed in the flue gas cleaning and compression process. The work presented here shows that there is a synergistic and thermodynamic advantage of utilizing the nitrogen-rich stream from the cryogenic ASU of an oxy-fuel power generation process for power generation instead of discarding it as a waste stream.
Aneke, M., & Wang, M. (2015). Process analysis of pressurized oxy-coal power cycle for carbon capture application integrated with liquid air power generation and binary cycle engines. Applied energy, 154(September), 556-566 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.05.030
|May 12, 2015
|Online Publication Date
|Jun 1, 2015
|Sep 15, 2015
|Jun 17, 2015
|Publicly Available Date
|Jun 17, 2015
|Liquid air energy storage, Pressurized oxy-coal combustion, Air separation unit, Process integration, Process simulation
|Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Applied energy, 2015, v.154.
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