Translation and Validation of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised in Urdu for Use in Pakistan
Zafar, Shamsa; Tayyab, Fareeha; Liaqat, Asma; Sikander, Siham; Hollins Martin, Caroline J.; Martin, Colin R.
Caroline J. Hollins Martin
Colin R. Martin
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with the birth experience is increasingly recognized as critical to the well-being of mother and baby and thus accurate assessment of this key dimension is essential. The Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) has been shown to be a robust, valid, and reliable measure of birth experience. The current study sought to develop an Urdu version of the measure to be used in Pakistan. METHODS: Following translation, a cross-sectional design was used to examine the measurement properties of the Pakistan (Urdu)-BSS-R (P-BSS-R). Participants were a purposive sample of Pakistani postnatal women (n = 200). Key psychometric properties were examined using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), internal consistency evaluation, and known-groups discriminant validity testing. RESULTS: The majority of measurement parameters for clinical application of the P-BSS-R were found to be acceptable with good known-groups discriminant validity and data fit to the tri-dimensional theoretical model of the BSS-R observed. However, some idiosyncratic observations were highlighted, including unexpected low internal consistency. CONCLUSIONS: The P-BSS-R was found to be a generally valid and reliable measure of the experience, a caveat being low internal consistency warranting further investigation.
Zafar, S., Tayyab, F., Liaqat, A., Sikander, S., Hollins Martin, C. J., & Martin, C. R. (in press). Translation and Validation of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised in Urdu for Use in Pakistan. International journal of childbirth, 11(2), 72-83. https://doi.org/10.1891/IJCBIRTH-D-21-00001
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Mar 5, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Apr 16, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Apr 30, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 17, 2022|
|Journal||International Journal of Childbirth|
|Publisher||Springer Publishing Company|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Birth satisfaction; Birth experience; Scales; Psychometrics; Replicability|
This file is under embargo until Apr 17, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact C.R.Martin@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
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