Industrial ecology introduced a new paradigm of principles and tools useful to academic analysis and decision support activities for industry and policymakers. This paper presents a view of the state of the art of industrial ecology, encompassing the four major theoretical traditions comprising the field, and emphasizing the relevance to practice. The principles of industrial ecology offer a basis for integrating environmental perspectives into production and consumption strategies, though there are significant challenges to be addressed.
Deutz, P., & Ioppolo, G. (2015). From theory to practice: Enhancing the potential policy impact of industrial ecology. Sustainability, 7(2), 2259-2273. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7022259