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Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events

Anderson, Rachel J.; Peters, Lien; Dewhurst, Stephen A.

Authors

Dr Rachel Anderson Rachel.Anderson@hull.ac.uk
Reader/Programme Director Psychology PG Research (PhD, MSc by Research, MRes)/ ESRC White Rose DTP Deputy Director - Wellbeing, Health & Communities Pathway

Lien Peters

Abstract

Five experiments investigated the cognitive processes involved in the elaboration of past and future events. A production listing procedure was used, in which participants listed details of each event in forwards chronological order, backwards chronological order, or free order. For both past and future events, forwards and free ordering conditions were reliably faster than backwards order. Production rates between past and future temporal directions did not differ in Experiments 1a, 1b, and 3. However, in Experiment 2, the elaboration of future events was faster than the elaboration of past events. This pattern can be explained by the findings of Experiment 4, in which production rates were faster for likely events than for unlikely events but only in the future condition. Overall, the findings suggest that the elaboration of future, but not past, events, is facilitated when constructed around current goals.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 1, 2015
Journal Consciousness and cognition
Print ISSN 1053-8100
Electronic ISSN 1053-8100
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 1
Pages 112-124
Institution Citation Anderson, R. J., Peters, L., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2015). Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events. Consciousness and cognition, 33(1), (112-124). doi:10.1016/j.concog.2014.12.007. ISSN 1090-2376
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2014.12.007
Keywords Mental time travel, Episodic memory, Future simulation, Executive resources, Event likelihood, Goals
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810014002414
Copyright Statement © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Additional Information Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Consciousness and cognition, 2015, v.33 at http://www.sciencedirec...e/pii/S1053810014002414

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Copyright Statement
© 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/



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