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UAVs-UGV Leader Follower Formation Using Adaptive Non-Singular Terminal Super Twisting Sliding Mode Control

Ullah, Nasim; Mehmood, Yasir; Aslam, Jawad; Ali, Amjad; Iqbal, Jamshed

Authors

Nasim Ullah

Yasir Mehmood

Jawad Aslam

Amjad Ali



Abstract

Leader follower formation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) has found numerous applications such as surveillance of critical infrastructure, industrial automation and disaster management emergency. For completion of high precision group tasks, the choice of appropriate control mechanism is of utmost importance. In presence of environmental effects,external disturbances and parametric uncertainties in the UAVs and UGV models, the controller design process is a challenging task. In order to address the aforementioned problems and to ensure minimum tracking errors and fast convergence of the states, this article proposes an adaptive robust formation and trajectory tracking control scheme for a leader follower formation of UAVs and UGV using Non-Singular Terminal Super Twisting Sliding Mode Control Method.Adaptive compensators are derived based on Lyapunov function method and stability of the proposed controllers is guaranteed. Two variants of the control schemes namely Adaptive Super Twisting SMC (AST-SMC) and Adaptive Non-Singular Terminal Super Twisting SMC (ANSTS-SMC) are tested using numerical simulations performed in MATLAB/Simulink. From the results presented, and with the proposed ANSTS-SMC control scheme, the measured [X~Y] tracking errors for leader, follower1 and follower2 UAVs are [{0~0.01}]m , [{0.01~0.02}]m and [{0.01,~0.02}]m respectively, While with the AST-SMC method the peak [X~Y] tracking errors for leader, follower1 and follower2 UAVs are [{0.05~0.05}]m , [{0.1~0.2}]m and [{0.05~0.1}]m respectively. The proposed leader follower formation can be effectively used to monitor solar/PV panels and cables in large solar parks.

Citation

Ullah, N., Mehmood, Y., Aslam, J., Ali, A., & Iqbal, J. (2021). UAVs-UGV Leader Follower Formation Using Adaptive Non-Singular Terminal Super Twisting Sliding Mode Control. IEEE access : practical innovations, open solutions, 9, 74385-74405. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3081483

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 10, 2021
Online Publication Date May 17, 2021
Publication Date 2021
Deposit Date Sep 14, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 21, 2021
Journal IEEE Access
Print ISSN 2169-3536
Electronic ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Pages 74385-74405
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3081483
Keywords Adaptive robust control; Formation control; Quad-rotor control; Super twisting sliding mode control; Solar park monitoring
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3796825

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