A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression
Grace, Lydia; Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Anderson, Rachel J.
Professor Stephen Dewhurst S.Dewhurst@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Cognitive Psychology
Dr Rachel Anderson Rachel.Anderson@hull.ac.uk
Reader/Graduate Research Director
Autobiographical memory (AM) is believed to serve self, social and directive functions; however, little is known regarding how this triad of functions operates in depression. Using the Thinking About Life Experiences questionnaire [Bluck, S., & Alea, N. (2011). Crafting the TALE: Construction of a measure to assess the functions of autobiographical remembering. Memory, 19, 470–486.; Bluck, S., Alea, N., Habermas, T., & Rubin, D. C. (2005). A TALE of three functions: The self–reported uses of autobiographical memory. Social Cognition, 23, 91–117.], two studies explored the relationship between depressive symptomology and the self-reported frequency and usefulness of AMs for self, social and directive purposes. Study 1 revealed that thinking more frequently but talking less frequently about past life events was significantly associated with higher depression scores. Recalling past events more frequently to maintain self-continuity was also significantly associated with higher depressive symptomology. However, results from Study 2 indicated that higher levels of depression were also significantly associated with less-frequent useful recollections of past life events for self-continuity purposes. Taken together, the findings suggest atypical utilisations of AM to serve self-continuity functions in depression and can be interpreted within the wider context of ruminative thought processes.
Grace, L., Dewhurst, S. A., & Anderson, R. J. (2016). A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression. Memory, 24(9), 1173-1181. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2015.1084009
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 13, 2015|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 15, 2015|
|Publication Date||Oct 20, 2016|
|Deposit Date||Nov 4, 2015|
|Publicly Available Date||Nov 23, 2017|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Depression; Self-continuity; Directive; Social; Usefulness; Reminiscence|
|Additional Information||This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Memory on 15/09/2015, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09658211.2015.1084009|
©2016 University of Hull
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