University of Hull logo

Is there a North-South divide in self-employment in England?

Burke, Andrew E.; Fitzroy, Felix R.; Nolan, Michael A.

Authors

Andrew E. Burke

Felix R. Fitzroy

Dr Michael Nolan M.A.Nolan@hull.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Economics and Programme Director, BSc Economics (Certificate and Diploma Stages) and BSc(Econ) Economics (Honours Stage)

Abstract

Using decomposition analysis, the paper investigates why Northern England has fewer but higher performing self-employed individuals than the South. It is found that the causes are mainly structural differences rather than regional variation in individual characteristics. There are more self-employed individuals in the South, but on average they create fewer jobs. Post-compulsory education has a strong negative effect on the probability of self-employment in the South, probably due to better employment opportunities there, but little influence in the North. Education has some positive effects on job creation by entrepreneurs in both regions. Aggregate studies might thus give misleading results. © 2009 Regional Studies Association.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 1, 2009
Journal REGIONAL STUDIES
Print ISSN 0034-3404
Electronic ISSN 1360-0591
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 4
Pages 529-544
Institution Citation Burke, A. E., Fitzroy, F. R., & Nolan, M. A. (2009). Is there a North-South divide in self-employment in England?. Regional studies, 43(4), (529-544). doi:10.1080/00343400701827360. ISSN 0034-3404
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00343400701827360
Keywords Self-employment; Job creation; North–South divide; Decomposition
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00343400701827360