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Circular economy in corporate sustainability reporting: A review of organisational approaches

Opferkuch, Katelin; Caeiro, Sandra; Salomone, Roberta; Ramos, Tomás B.


Katelin Opferkuch

Sandra Caeiro

Roberta Salomone

Tomás B. Ramos


Claire Lea
Project Manager


A growing commitment from companies to implement circular economy (CE) strategies demands the development of guidelines for consistent related external communication. The fields of non-financial reporting and sustainability are well established with numerous available international reporting frameworks and approaches; however, there is still an absence of standardised reporting principles and procedures for publishing progress on circularity. In this context, this article aims to explore how companies could include CE within their corporate sustainability reports, through an academic literature review and content analysis of existent reporting approaches. Results showed a clear disconnection between CE and sustainability reporting literature. Overall, only a few of the revised reporting approaches explicitly mention CE, and the guidance given to companies is very general, inconsistent and places the responsibility of selecting performance assessment approaches on the companies. The analysis contributes to identifying opportunities for transparent external communication of CE issues, as well as exploring the challenges and limitations.


Opferkuch, K., Caeiro, S., Salomone, R., & Ramos, T. B. (2021). Circular economy in corporate sustainability reporting: A review of organisational approaches. Business strategy and the environment : BSE, 30(8), 4015-4036.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 16, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 23, 2021
Publication Date 2021-12
Deposit Date Jan 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 24, 2022
Journal Business Strategy and the Environment
Print ISSN 0964-4733
Electronic ISSN 1099-0836
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 30
Issue 8
Pages 4015-4036
Keywords Circular economy; Content analysis; Corporate social responsibility; Literature review; Reporting framework; Sustainable development
Public URL


Published article (4.7 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2021 The Authors. Business Strategy and The Environment published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.<br /> This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium,provided the original work is properly cited.

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