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Impact of pharmacological interventions on anthropometric indices in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of randomised controlled trials

Abdalla, Mohammed A.; Shah, Najeeb; Deshmukh, Harshal; Sahebkar, Amirhossein; Östlundh, Linda; Al‐Rifai, Rami H.; Atkin, Stephen L.; Sathyapalan, Thozhukat

Authors

Mohammed A. Abdalla

Najeeb Shah

Amirhossein Sahebkar

Linda Östlundh

Rami H. Al‐Rifai

Stephen L. Atkin



Abstract

Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous condition affecting women of reproductive age and is associated with increased body weight. Objective: To review the literature on the effect of different pharmacological interventions on the anthropometric indices in women with PCOS. Data sources: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane library, and the Web of Science in April 2020 with an update in PubMed in March 2021. Study selection: The study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)2020. Data extraction: Reviewers extracted data and assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Results: 80 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Metformin vs placebo showed significant reduction in the mean body weight (MD: −3.13 kg; 95% confidence interval [CI]: −5.33 to −0.93, I² = 5%) and the mean body mass index (BMI) (MD: −0.75 kg/m2; 95% CI: −1.15 to −0.36, I² = 0%). There was a significant reduction in the mean BMI with orlistat versus placebo (MD: −1.33 kg/m²; 95% CI: −2.16 to −0.66, I² = 0.0%), acarbose versus metformin (MD: −1.26 kg/m²; 95% CI: −2.13 to −0.38, I² = 0%), and metformin versus pioglitazone (MD: −0.91 kg/m²; 95% CI: −1.62 to −0.19, I² = 0%). A significant increase in the mean BMI was also observed in pioglitazone versus placebo (MD: + 2.59 kg/m²; 95% CI: 1.78–3.38, I² = 0%) and in rosiglitazone versus metformin (MD: + 0.80 kg/m²; 95% CI: 0.32–1.27, I² = 3%). There was a significant reduction in the mean waist circumference (WC) with metformin versus placebo (MD: −1.21 cm; 95% CI: −3.71 to 1.29, I² = 0%) while a significant increase in the mean WC with pioglitazone versus placebo (MD: + 5.45 cm; 95% CI: 2.18–8.71, I² = 0%). Conclusion: Pharmacological interventions including metformin, sitagliptin, pioglitazone, rosiglitazone orlistat, and acarbose have significant effects on the anthropometric indices in women with PCOS.

Citation

Abdalla, M. A., Shah, N., Deshmukh, H., Sahebkar, A., Östlundh, L., Al‐Rifai, R. H., …Sathyapalan, T. (in press). Impact of pharmacological interventions on anthropometric indices in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of randomised controlled trials. Clinical Endocrinology, https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.14663

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 14, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 16, 2021
Deposit Date Dec 28, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 17, 2022
Journal Clinical Endocrinology
Print ISSN 0300-0664
Electronic ISSN 1365-2265
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.14663
Keywords BMI; Body weight; Pharmacological therapy; Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); WC; WHR
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3904697