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Factors associated with the timing and number of antenatal care visits among unmarried compared to married youth in uganda between 2006 and 2016

Agaba, Peninah; Onukwugha, Franklin; Magadi, Monica; Misinde, Cyprian


Peninah Agaba

Monica Magadi

Cyprian Misinde


Antenatal care is an important determinant of pregnancy and childbirth outcomes. Although the youth disproportionately experience adverse maternal complications and poor pregnancy outcomes, including maternal mortality, timely and frequent use of antenatal care services among unmarried youth in Uganda remains low. This study examines the factors that are important predictors of the use of antenatal health care services among unmarried and married youth. Binary logistic regression was conducted on the pooled data of the 2006, 2011 and 2016 Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys among youth who had given birth within five years before each survey to examine the predictors of ANC use. This analysis was among a sample of 764 unmarried, compared to 5,176 married youth aged 15-24 years. Overall, married youth were more likely to have more frequent antenatal care visits (56% versus 53%) and start antenatal care early (27% versus 23%) than unmarried youth. Factors significantly associated with use of antenatal care in the first trimester were education and occupation among unmarried youth, and place of residence and access to the radio among married youth. Key predictors of ANC frequency among unmarried youth were parity, education level, pregnancy desire, age group, sex of head of household and region of residence. Among married youth, significant predictors of ANC frequency were parity, pregnancy desire, occupation, access to the radio and region of residence. These findings will help inform health-care programmers and policy makers in initiating appropriate policies and programs for ensuring optimal ANC use for all that could guarantee universal maternal health-care coverage to enable Uganda to achieve the SDG3.


Agaba, P., Onukwugha, F., Magadi, M., & Misinde, C. (2021). Factors associated with the timing and number of antenatal care visits among unmarried compared to married youth in uganda between 2006 and 2016. Social Sciences, 10(12), Article 474.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 30, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 9, 2021
Publication Date 2021-12
Deposit Date Mar 30, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Social Sciences
Print ISSN 2076-0760
Electronic ISSN 2076-0760
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 12
Article Number 474
Series Title Special Issue on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health: Global Perspectives
Keywords Antenatal care; Unmarried youth; Binary logistic regression; Uganda
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Copyright Statement
Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).

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