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Observer design based on triangular form generated by injective map

Hou, M.; Busawon, K.; Saif, M.


M. Hou

K. Busawon

M. Saif


A study is conducted which focuses on showing that for the multi-output case uniform observability is necessary but not sufficient for the existence of a coordinate change bringing a system a triangular form; providing a procedure to construct an injective map for the triangular form transformation; and developing a design of nonlinear observers based on the triangular form. Results show that a procedure is proposed for constructing an injective map as a generalized coordinate change for triangular form transformation. Based on the triangular form a method is developed for designing nonlinear state observers.


Hou, M., Busawon, K., & Saif, M. (2000). Observer design based on triangular form generated by injective map. IEEE transactions on automatic control, 45(7), 1350-1355.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 31, 2000
Publication Date Jul 1, 2000
Print ISSN 0018-9286
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 45
Issue 7
Pages 1350-1355
Keywords Control and Systems Engineering; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Computer Science Applications
Public URL