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Randomized clinical trial of concomitant or sequential phlebectomy after endovenous laser therapy for varicose veins

Carradice, D.; Mekako, A. I.; Hatfield, J.; Chetter, I. C.

Authors

D. Carradice

A. I. Mekako

J. Hatfield

I. C. Chetter I.Chetter@hull.ac.uk



Abstract

Background: The management of residual varicosities following endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) for varicose veins is contentious. Ambulatory phlebectomy may be performed concomitantly with the initial EVLT, or sequentially as a secondary procedure. This randomized trial compared these two approaches. Methods. Fifty patients with great saphenous varicose veins were randomized to EVLT alone or EVLT with concomitant ambulatory phlebectomies (EVLTAP). Principal outcomes were procedure duration, pain scores, requirement for secondary procedures and quality of life after 3 months. Results: EVLTAP took longer, but significantly decreased the requirement for subsequent interventions. There was no impairment in immediate postprocedural pain, Short Form 36 or EuroQol 5D scores with EVLTAP. Median (i.q.r.) Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS) at 3 months was lower for EVLTAP than for EVLT alone (0 (0-1) versus 2 (0-2); P < 0.001), with lower Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ) scores at 6 weeks (7.9 (4.1-10.7) vermis 13.5 (10.9-18.1); P < 0.001) and 3 months (2.0 (0.4-7.7) versus 9.6 (2.2-13.8); P = 0.015). At 1 year, there were no differences in VCSS or AVVQ scores. Conclusion: Concomitant phlebectomy with EVLT prolonged the procedure, but reduced the need for secondary procedures and significantly improved quality of life and the severity of venous disease.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2009-04
Journal British journal of surgery
Print ISSN 0007-1323
Electronic ISSN 1365-2168
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 96
Issue 4
Pages 369-375
APA6 Citation Carradice, D., Mekako, A. I., Hatfield, J., & Chetter, I. C. (2009). Randomized clinical trial of concomitant or sequential phlebectomy after endovenous laser therapy for varicose veins. British journal of surgery : BJS, 96(4), 369-375. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.6556
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.6556
Keywords Surgery
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/bjs.6556
Additional Information Presented to meetings of the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Manchester, UK, November 2007, the European Society for Surgical Research, Warsaw, Poland, May 2008, the International Union of Angiology, Athens, Greece, June 2008, and the European Society for Vascular Surgery, Nice, France, September 2008, and published in abstract form as Br J Surg 2008; 95(Suppl 6): 6 and Int Angiol 2008; 27(Suppl 1): 8–9
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