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A general route diversity model for convergent terrestrial microwave links

Paulson, Kevin S.; Usman, Isa S.; Watson, Robert J.


Kevin S. Paulson

Isa S. Usman

Robert J. Watson


[1] This research examines route diversity as a fade mitigation technique in the presence of rain for convergent, terrestrial, microwave links. A general model is derived which predicts the joint distribution of rain attenuation on arbitrary pairs of convergent microwave links, directly from the link parameters. It is assumed that pairs of links have joint rain attenuation distributions that are bilognormally distributed. Four of the five distribution parameters can be estimated from International Telecommunication Union recommendation models. A maximum likelihood estimation method was used in a previous paper to estimate the fifth parameter, that is, the covariance or correlation. In this paper an empirical model is reported, linking the correlation of log rain fade with the geometry and radio parameters of the pair of links. From these distributions, the advantage due to route diversity may be calculated for arbitrary fade margins. Furthermore, the predicted diversity statistics vary smoothly and yield plausible extrapolations into low-probability scenarios. Diversity improvement is calculated for a set of example link scenarios.


Paulson, K. S., Usman, I. S., & Watson, R. J. (2006). A general route diversity model for convergent terrestrial microwave links. Radio science, 41(3),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 14, 2006
Online Publication Date Jun 10, 2006
Publication Date 2006-06
Print ISSN 0048-6604
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 41
Issue 3
Keywords Electrical and Electronic Engineering; General Earth and Planetary Sciences; Condensed Matter Physics
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