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Strengthening Capacity for Prostate Cancer Early Diagnosis in West Africa Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Realist Approach to Rethinking and Operationalizing the World Health Organization 2017 Guide to Cancer Early Diagnosis

Ezenwankwo, Elochukwu Fortune; Nnate, Daniel A.; Oladoyinbo, Catherine Adebukola; Dogo, Hassan Mohammed; Idowu, Ademola Amos; Onyeso, Chimdimma Peace; Ogo, Chidiebere Ndukwe; Ogunsanya, Motolani; Bamidele, Olufikayo; Nnaji, Chukwudi A.

Authors

Elochukwu Fortune Ezenwankwo

Daniel A. Nnate

Catherine Adebukola Oladoyinbo

Hassan Mohammed Dogo

Ademola Amos Idowu

Chimdimma Peace Onyeso

Chidiebere Ndukwe Ogo

Motolani Ogunsanya

Chukwudi A. Nnaji



Abstract

Two years after SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) was declared a global public health emergency, the restoration, at least, to the pre-pandemic level of early diagnostic services for prostate cancer has remained enormously challenging for many health systems, worldwide. This
is particularly true of West Africa as the region grapples also with the broader impacts of changing demographics and overly stretched healthcare systems. With the lingering COVID-19 crisis, it is likely that the current trend of late prostate cancer diagnosis in the region will worsen with a concomitant increase in the burden of the disease. There is, therefore, a compelling need for innovative and evidence-based solutions to de-escalate the current situation and forestall the collapse of existing structures supporting early prostate cancer diagnosis in the region. In this viewpoint, we make a case for the operationalization of the World Health Organization (WHO) guide to early cancer diagnosis to strengthen the capacity for early prostate cancer diagnosis in West Africa using a realist approach, drawing on participatory health research and evidence-based co-creation. Ultimately, we demonstrate the potential for developing COVID-19 responsive and context-specific models to optimize patient navigation/journey along the essential steps of the World Health Organization guide to early cancer diagnosis.

Citation

Ezenwankwo, E. F., Nnate, D. A., Oladoyinbo, C. A., Dogo, H. M., Idowu, A. A., Onyeso, C. P., …Nnaji, C. A. (2022). Strengthening Capacity for Prostate Cancer Early Diagnosis in West Africa Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Realist Approach to Rethinking and Operationalizing the World Health Organization 2017 Guide to Cancer Early Diagnosis. Annals of Global Health, 88(1), https://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.3519

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 25, 2022
Online Publication Date May 10, 2022
Publication Date May 10, 2022
Deposit Date May 10, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 12, 2022
Journal Annals of Global Health
Print ISSN 2214-9996
Publisher Ubiquity Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 88
Issue 1
DOI https://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.3519
Keywords General Medicine
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3993482

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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Copyright Statement
© 2022 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/.



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