University of Hull logo

Coastal and offshore wind energy generation: is it environmentally benign?

Wilson, Jennifer C.; Elliott, Mike; Cutts, Nick D.; Mander, Lucas; Mendão, Vera; Perez-Dominguez, Rafael; Phelps, Anna

Authors

Jennifer C. Wilson

Professor Mike Elliott Mike.Elliott@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Estuarine and Coastal Sciences/ Research Professor, Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies

Nick D. Cutts N.D.Cutts@hull.ac.uk

Vera Mendão

Rafael Perez-Dominguez

Anna Phelps

Abstract

Offshore and coastal wind power is one of the fastest growing industries in many areas, especially those with shallow coastal regions due to the preferable generation conditions available in the regions. As with any expanding industry, there are concerns regarding the potential environmental effects which may be caused by the installation of the offshore wind turbines and their associated infrastructure, including substations and subsea cables. These include the potential impacts on the biological, physical and human environments. This review discusses in detail the potential impacts arising from offshore wind farm construction, and how these may be quantified and addressed through the use of conceptual models. It concludes that while not environmentally benign, the environmental impacts are minor and can be mitigated through good siting practices. In addition, it suggests that there are opportunities for environmental benefits through habitat creation and conservation protection areas.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 20, 2010
Journal Energies
Print ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 7
Pages 1383-1422
Institution Citation Wilson, J. C., Elliott, M., Cutts, N. D., Mander, L., Mendão, V., Perez-Dominguez, R., & Phelps, A. (2010). Coastal and offshore wind energy generation: is it environmentally benign?. Energies, 3(7), 1383-1422. https://doi.org/10.3390/en3071383
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/en3071383
Keywords General Computer Science