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Coastal and offshore wind energy generation: is it environmentally benign?

Wilson, Jennifer C.; Elliott, Mike; Cutts, Nick D.; Mander, Lucas; Mendão, Vera; Perez-Dominguez, Rafael; Phelps, Anna


Jennifer C. Wilson

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Professor Mike Elliott
Emeritus Professor of Estuarine and Coastal Sciences/ Research Professor, Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies

Nick D. Cutts

Lucas Mander

Vera Mendão

Rafael Perez-Dominguez

Anna Phelps


Offshore and coastal wind power is one of the fastest growing industries in many areas, especially those with shallow coastal regions due to the preferable generation conditions available in the regions. As with any expanding industry, there are concerns regarding the potential environmental effects which may be caused by the installation of the offshore wind turbines and their associated infrastructure, including substations and subsea cables. These include the potential impacts on the biological, physical and human environments. This review discusses in detail the potential impacts arising from offshore wind farm construction, and how these may be quantified and addressed through the use of conceptual models. It concludes that while not environmentally benign, the environmental impacts are minor and can be mitigated through good siting practices. In addition, it suggests that there are opportunities for environmental benefits through habitat creation and conservation protection areas.


Wilson, J. C., Elliott, M., Cutts, N. D., Mander, L., Mendão, V., Perez-Dominguez, R., & Phelps, A. (2010). Coastal and offshore wind energy generation: is it environmentally benign?. Energies, 3(7), 1383-1422.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 6, 2010
Online Publication Date Jul 20, 2010
Publication Date Jul 20, 2010
Journal Energies
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 7
Pages 1383-1422
Keywords General Computer Science
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