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Facial expressions and emotional anticipation

Palumbo, L; Jellema, Tjeerd

Authors

L Palumbo



Abstract

Emotional facial expressions are immediate indicators of a ective dispositions. We investigated towhat extent judgments of others' dynamic emotional facial expressions are influenced by (1) emotionalanticipation, ie the involuntary anticipation of the other's emotional state of mind, and by (2) low-levelperceptual mechanisms such as extrapolation of curves. We presented 770 ms long video-clips of eightdi erent agents showing a 100% happy (or 100% angry) expression that gradually decreased in intensity.We used a 3×2 within-subjects design with as factors the final expression (10% happy vs neutral vs 10%angry) and the perceptual history (happy vs angry). Thirty-two participants rated the final expression ona 5-point scale. The final expression of the happy sequence was consistently judged as slightly angryand the final expression of the angry sequence as slightly happy. This ‘overshoot' phenomenon survivedthe insertion of a 400 ms long mask directly before the final target expression, but was absent when thefinal expression was depicted by a di erent identity. We argue that the bias in perceptual report relieson emotional anticipation, possibly generated by an internal simulation of the observed dynamic facialexpression within mirror neuron systems and we speculate that ‘embodied simulation' plays a crucialrole.

Journal Article Type Meeting Abstract
Publication Date Dec 31, 2010
Journal PERCEPTION
Print ISSN 0301-0066
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue ECVP Abstract Supplement
Pages 94 - 94
APA6 Citation Palumbo, L., & Jellema, T. (2010). Facial expressions and emotional anticipation. Perception, 39(ECVP Abstract Supplement), (94 - 94). ISSN 0301-0066
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