The global pursuit towards sustainable development is leading to increased adaptation of renewable energy sources. Wind turbines are promising sources of clean energy, but regularly suffer from failures and down-times, primarily due to the complex environments and unpredictable conditions wherein they are deployed. While various studies have earlier utilised machine learning techniques for fault prediction in turbines, their black-box nature hampers explainabil-ity and trust in decision making. We propose the application of causal reasoning in operations & maintenance of wind turbines using Supervisory Control & Acquisition (SCADA) data, and harness attention-based convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to identify hidden associations between different parameters contributing to failures in the form of temporal causal graphs. By interpreting these non-obvious relationships (many of which may have potentially been disregarded as noise), engineers can plan ahead for unforeseen failures, helping make wind power sources more reliable.
Chatterjee, J., & Dethlefs, N. (2020, August). The Promise of Causal Reasoning in Reliable Decision Support for Wind Turbines. Paper presented at Fragile Earth: Data Science for a Sustainable Planet. KDD 2020, Virtual Conference