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Impaired conditional task performance in a high schizotypy population: Relation to cognitive deficits

Haddon, Josephine E.; George, David N.; Grayson, Lois; McGowan, Christopher; Honey, Robert C.; Killcross, Simon

Authors

Josephine E. Haddon

Lois Grayson

Christopher McGowan

Robert C. Honey

Simon Killcross



Abstract

Cognitive impairments in schizophrenia have been characterized as reflecting a core deficit in the maintenance or use of task-setting cues to mediate appropriate ongoing behaviour. This analysis suggests that cognitive deficits in schizophrenia will be particularly evident when different task-setting cues dictate when different responses are required by the same stimuli. One simple task in which task-setting cues are required is a biconditional discrimination. Here we examined the performance of participants with high and low schizotypy scores (Mason, Claridge, Jackson, 1995) on a biconditional discrimination and an otherwise equivalent, control discrimination that did not require the use of task-setting cues. Participants scoring highly on the Introvertive Anhedonia subscale (which has been allied to the negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia) performed poorly on the biconditional, but not on the control, discrimination. No other subscales demonstrated a significant influence on either biconditional or control performance.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2011
Journal Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Print ISSN 1747-0218
Electronic ISSN 1747-0226
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 64
Issue 1
Article Number PII 929745716
Pages 1-9
APA6 Citation Haddon, J. E., George, D. N., Grayson, L., McGowan, C., Honey, R. C., & Killcross, S. (2011). Impaired conditional task performance in a high schizotypy population: Relation to cognitive deficits. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2010.529579
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2010.529579
Keywords Context Schizophrenia Schizotypy Cognitive impairment Biconditional discrimination oxford-liverpool inventory schizophrenia experiences feelings context
Publisher URL http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1080/17470218.2010.529579