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Modelling the response of river systems to environmental change: progress, problems and prospects for palaeo-environmental reconstructions

Van De Wiel, Marco J; Macklin, Mark G; Van De Wiel, Marco J.; Coulthard, Tom J.; Macklin, Mark G.; Lewin, John

Authors

Marco J Van De Wiel

Mark G Macklin

Marco J. Van De Wiel

Mark G. Macklin

John Lewin



Abstract

Over the last decade several computational models, and several types of model, have been developed to simulate the response of river systems to environmental change over time scales of decades to millennia: hydrological models, flood inundation models, channel morphology models, channel network models, models of river meandering and river braiding, alluvial stratigraphy models, and landscape evolution models. Each type of model simulates different aspects of a river's response to changes in environmental inputs such as climate and land-use - and to changes in these inputs. And each type of model has its abilities, advantages and limitations. We provide an overview of the different types of model that have been developed, and we evaluate their suitability for testing hypotheses about past environmental conditions, as well as for investigating the response of alluvial river systems to future environmental change. Additionally, we discuss the general issues and problems of computational modelling (e.g. scale and resolution, data availability, process representation, process parameterization, model calibration, non-linearity, and uncertainty), and the extent to which these hamper the usefulness of the models as a tool in environmental landscape studies. Finally, we identify trends in computational modelling research to outline possible future directions of the discipline.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2011-01
Journal Earth-Science Reviews
Print ISSN 0012-8252
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 104
Issue 1-3
Pages 167-185
APA6 Citation Van De Wiel, M. J., Coulthard, T. J., Macklin, M. G., & Lewin, J. (2011). Modelling the response of river systems to environmental change: progress, problems and prospects for palaeo-environmental reconstructions. Earth-Science Reviews, 104(1-3), 167-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.10.004
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.10.004
Keywords Computational modelling; Environmental modelling; River systems; Fluvial geomorphology; Quaternary
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001282521000139X?via%3Dihub
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