Lauren M. Knott
What factors underlie associative and categorical memory illusions? The roles of backward associative strength and inter-item connectivity
Knott, Lauren M.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Howe, Mark L.
Professor Stephen Dewhurst S.Dewhurst@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Cognitive Psychology
Mark L. Howe
Factors that affect categorical and associative false memory illusions were investigated in 2 experiments. In Experiment 1, backward associative strength (BAS) from the list word to the critical lure and interitem connectivity were manipulated in Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) and category list types. For both recall and recognition tasks, the likelihood of producing DRM and category false memories was greater for lists with high BAS and low interitem connectivity. In Experiment 2, DRM and category lists with high BAS showed similar indirect priming effects in a word stem completion task. With low BAS, category lists, unlike DRM lists, showed no priming effect. We discuss the role of BAS, interitem connectivity, and associate-level differences in implicit and explicit measures of false memory production. © 2012 American Psychological Association.
Knott, L. M., Dewhurst, S. A., & Howe, M. L. (2012). What factors underlie associative and categorical memory illusions? The roles of backward associative strength and inter-item connectivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38(1), 229-239. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025201
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jan 1, 2012|
|Publication Date||Jan 1, 2012|
|Publisher||American Psychological Association|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||DRM paradigm;False memories;Backward associative strength;Indirect priming;Category lists|