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Does double loop learning create reliable knowledge?

Blackman, Deborah; Connelly, James; Henderson, Steven


Deborah Blackman

James Connelly

Steven Henderson


This paper addresses doubts concerning the reliability of knowledge being created by double loop learning processes. Popper's ontological worlds are used to explore the philosophical basis of the way that individual experiences are turned into organisational knowledge, and such knowledge is used to generate organisational learning. The paper suggests that double loop learning may frequently create mistakes and fail to detect possible interesting lines of thought. Popper's work is used to suggest some solutions and an elaboration of the double loop learning process, but ultimately effective organisational learning is shown to depend on the undertaking of an epistemological burden by individuals above and beyond what is usually explicated in prescriptions for learning organisation and knowledge management.


Blackman, D., Connelly, J., & Henderson, S. (2004). Does double loop learning create reliable knowledge?. Learning Organization, The, 11(1), 11-27.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 1, 2004
Online Publication Date Aug 20, 2012
Publication Date Feb 1, 2004
Journal The Learning Organization
Print ISSN 0969-6474
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 1
Pages 11-27
Keywords Knowledge management; Learning; Learning organizations
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