Ramzi A. Ajjan
Multicenter Randomized Trial of Intermittently Scanned Continuous Glucose Monitoring Versus Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes and Recent-Onset Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results of the LIBERATES Trial
Ajjan, Ramzi A.; Heller, Simon R.; Everett, Colin C.; Vargas-Palacios, Armando; Higham, Ruchi; Sharples, Linda; Gorog, Diana A.; Rogers, Alice; Reynolds, Catherine; Fernandez, Catherine; Rodrigues, Pedro; Sathyapalan, Thozhukat; Storey, Robert F.; Stocken, Deborah D.
Simon R. Heller
Colin C. Everett
Diana A. Gorog
Professor Thozhukat Sathyapalan T.Sathyapalan@hull.ac.uk
Robert F. Storey
Deborah D. Stocken
OBJECTIVE To analyze the impact of modern glucose-monitoring strategies on glycemic and patient-related outcomes in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and recent myocardial infarction (MI) and assess cost effectiveness. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS LIBERATES was a multicenter two-arm randomized trial comparing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) with intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring (isCGM), also known as flash CGM, in individuals with T2D and recent MI, treated with insulin and/or a sulphonylurea before hospital admission. The primary outcome measure was time in range (TIR) (glucose 3.9–10 mmol/L/day) on days 76–90 post-randomization. Secondary and exploratory outcomes included time in hypoglycemia, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), clinical outcome, quality of life (QOL), and cost effectiveness. RESULTS Of 141 participants randomly assigned (median age 63 years; interquartile range 53, 70), 73% of whom were men, isCGM was associated with increased TIR by 17 min/day (95% credible interval 2105 to +153 min/day), with 59% probability of benefit. Users of isCGM showed lower hypoglycemic exposure (<3.9 mmol/L) at days 76–90 (280 min/day; 95% CI 2118, 243), also evident at days 16–30 (228 min/day; 95% CI 292, 2). Compared with baseline, HbA1c showed similar reductions of 7 mmol/mol at 3 months in both study arms. Combined glycemic emergencies and mortality occurred in four isCGM and seven SMBG study participants. QOL measures marginally favored isCGM, and the intervention proved to be cost effective. CONCLUSIONS Compared with SMBG, isCGM in T2D individuals with MI marginally increases TIR and significantly reduces hypoglycemic exposure while equally improving HbA1c, explaining its cost effectiveness. Studies are required to understand whether these glycemic dif-ferences translate into longer-term clinical benefit.
Ajjan, R. A., Heller, S. R., Everett, C. C., Vargas-Palacios, A., Higham, R., Sharples, L., …Stocken, D. D. (2023). Multicenter Randomized Trial of Intermittently Scanned Continuous Glucose Monitoring Versus Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes and Recent-Onset Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results of the LIBERATES Trial. Diabetes Care, 46(2), 441-449. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc22-1219
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 2, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Dec 14, 2022|
|Publication Date||Feb 1, 2023|
|Deposit Date||Dec 21, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Jan 3, 2023|
|Publisher||American Diabetes Association|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Advanced and Specialized Nursing; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Internal Medicine|
© 2022 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at https://www.diabetesjournals.org/journals/pages/license.
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