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Real-time detection of auditory : steady-state brainstem potentials evoked by auditory stimuli

Cheah, Lam Aun


Lam Aun Cheah


Ming Hou

J. M. (James Michael) Gilbert


The auditory steady-state response (ASSR) is advantageous against other hearing techniques because of its capability in providing objective and frequency specific information. The objectives are to reduce the lengthy test duration, and improve the signal detection rate and the robustness of the detection against the background noise and unwanted artefacts.Two prominent state estimation techniques of Luenberger observer and Kalman filter have been used in the development of the autonomous ASSR detection scheme. Both techniques are real-time implementable, while the challenges faced in the application of the observer and Kalman filter techniques are the very poor SNR (could be as low as −30dB) of ASSRs and unknown statistics of the noise. Dual-channel architecture is proposed, one is for the estimate of sinusoid and the other for the estimate of the background noise. Simulation and experimental studies were also conducted to evaluate the performances of the developed ASSR detection scheme, and to compare the new method with other conventional techniques. In general, both the state estimation techniques within the detection scheme produced comparable results as compared to the conventional techniques, but achieved significant measurement time reduction in some cases. A guide is given for the determination of the observer gains, while an adaptive algorithm has been used for adjustment of the gains in the Kalman filters.In order to enhance the robustness of the ASSR detection scheme with adaptive Kalman filters against possible artefacts (outliers), a multisensory data fusion approach is used to combine both standard mean operation and median operation in the ASSR detection algorithm. In addition, a self-tuned statistical-based thresholding using the regression technique is applied in the autonomous ASSR detection scheme. The scheme with adaptive Kalman filters is capable of estimating the variances of system and background noise to improve the ASSR detection rate.


Cheah, L. A. (2010). Real-time detection of auditory : steady-state brainstem potentials evoked by auditory stimuli. (Thesis). University of Hull. Retrieved from

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Aug 15, 2011
Publicly Available Date Feb 22, 2023
Keywords Engineering
Public URL
Additional Information Department of Engineering, The University of Hull
Award Date Jul 1, 2010


Thesis (3.2 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2010 Cheah, Lam Aun. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.

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