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Motivations, migration and experiences of black African nurses in the United Kingdom

Likupe, Gloria


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Dr Gloria Likupe
Lecturer and Researcher in Healthcare/ Chairperson of School Athena Swan group


Peter, 1957 Draper


This thesis explores experiences of black African nurses from sub-Saharan Africa in the UK. The exploration starts with motivational factors which cause black African nurses to migrate, as it is argued that migration trajectories have an influence on nurses’ experiences. Managers’ experiences are also explored to obtain their perspectives.A qualitative approach was used as a methodological framework. Focus groups and individual, semi-structured interviews were used to explore experiences of black African nurses working and living in the UK.  Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data from managers working with black African nurses. The data were analysed using Spencer, Ritchie and O’Connor’s framework. In total 30 black African nurses were interviewed, comprising 4 focus groups and 15 individual interviews. The number of managers interviewed was 10.The results indicate that black African nurses move to the UK as a result of historical, political and economic factors. However, the main factors are immigration policies and practices of the British government. Migration trajectories of black African nurses indicate that black African nurses are recruited to a subordinate position in the British National Health service; as a result, nurses are stereotyped and experience prejudice, racism anddiscrimination. Managers’ accounts largely echo black African nurses’ experiences.


Likupe, G. (2011). Motivations, migration and experiences of black African nurses in the United Kingdom. (Thesis). University of Hull. Retrieved from

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Feb 28, 2012
Publicly Available Date Feb 22, 2023
Keywords Nursing
Public URL
Additional Information Department of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Hull
Award Date May 1, 2011


Thesis (1.6 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2011 Likupe, Gloria. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.

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