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China's green data center development:Policies and carbon reduction technology path

Li, Guozhu; Sun, Zixuan; Wang, Qingqin; Wang, Shuai; Huang, Kailiang; Zhao, Naini; Di, Yanqiang; Zhao, Xudong; Zhu, Zishang


Guozhu Li

Zixuan Sun

Qingqin Wang

Shuai Wang

Kailiang Huang

Naini Zhao

Yanqiang Di

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Dr Zishang Zhu
Lecturer in Renewable/Sustainable Energies


Data center is a very important infrastructure to support the development of information technology, and its development and increment are very remarkable. However, with the rapid and large-scale development of data centers, the problem of energy consumption turns to be also very prominent. Under the background of global carbon peak and carbon neutrality, developing green and low-carbon data centers has become an inevitable trend. This paper reviews and analyzes the policies and their roles in promoting China's green development of data centers in the past 10 years, summarizes the current situation of the implementation of green data center projects in China and gives the changes of PUE limits of data centers under the policy constraints. Application of green technologies is an important measure for energy-saving and low-carbon development of data centers, so encouraging innovation and application of green technologies in data center is also a priority task in relevant policies. This paper points out the green and low-carbon technology system of data centers, further summarizes energy-saving and carbon-reducing technologies in IT equipment, cooling system, power supply and distribution system, lighting, intelligent operation and maintenance, and provides an outlook on the future green development of data centers.


Li, G., Sun, Z., Wang, Q., Wang, S., Huang, K., Zhao, N., …Zhu, Z. (2023). China's green data center development:Policies and carbon reduction technology path. Environmental Research, 231, Article 116248.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date May 26, 2023
Online Publication Date May 26, 2023
Publication Date Aug 15, 2023
Deposit Date Mar 19, 2024
Publicly Available Date May 27, 2024
Journal Environmental Research
Print ISSN 0013-9351
Electronic ISSN 1096-0953
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 231
Article Number 116248
Keywords Data center; Green development; Green data center; Energy saving; Low carbon
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