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Improving sustainability : what can education learn from other complex systems?

Bottery, Michael


Michael Bottery


This article is concerned with the causes of unsustainability in complex systems, and what educators can learn from such a study. It argues that there are a number of similar stressors in many complex systems. The systems chosen to illustrate this argument are the educational, the environmental, and the financial, and the stressors described are the excessive exploitation of resources and the introduction of pollutive substances, practices or ideas. Such stressors, it is argued, lead to crisis points in all three systems, as actors within them are increasingly unable to adapt to the rapid changes they cause. Finally, because these systems share similar characteristics, this article argues that educators can learn much from the existence of similar remediations.


Bottery, M. (2013). Improving sustainability : what can education learn from other complex systems?. Educational research journal, 28(42767), 11444

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2013
Journal Educational research journal
Print ISSN 1560–8263
Publisher Hong Kong Institute of Educational Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 28
Issue 42767
Pages 11444
Keywords Improving Sustainability. Education. Complex systems
Public URL