Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

The metaverse—Not a new frontier for crime.

Tompsett, Brian; Marshall, Angus


Angus Marshall


Law enforcement co-ordination agencies have recently issued position/guidance documents relating to the potential for VR environments (the “Metaverse”) to become new environment for criminal activity, and calling for additional work to enhance investigative capability. By reviewing the historic development of VR and comparing it with the appearance of the WWW, the authors propose that the situation is not as dire as the issued documents may suggest, but represents an evolutionary rather than revolutionary step in online experiences. They conclude, therefore, that while ability to examine VR presentation/interaction devices may be useful, continued development of ability to examine online systems remains essential.


Tompsett, B., & Marshall, A. (in press). The metaverse—Not a new frontier for crime. WIREs Forensic Science, Article e1505.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 11, 2023
Online Publication Date Oct 25, 2023
Deposit Date Oct 25, 2023
Publicly Available Date Oct 26, 2023
Journal WIREs Forensic Science
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Article Number e1505
Keywords Crime; Digital evidence; Investigation; Metaverse; Virtual reality
Public URL
Publisher URL


Published article (2 Mb)

Publisher Licence URL

Copyright Statement
© 2023 The Authors. WIREs Forensic Science published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

You might also like

Downloadable Citations