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Extreme flood-driven fluvial bank erosion and sediment loads: direct process measurements using integrated Mobile Laser Scanning (MLS) and hydro-acoustic techniques: Direct measurement of flood-driven erosion using MLS and MBES

Leyland, Julian; Hackney, Christopher R.; Darby, Stephen E.; Parsons, Daniel R.; Best, James L.; Nicholas, Andrew P.; Aalto, Rolf; Lague, Dimitri

Authors

Julian Leyland

Dr Christopher Hackney C.Hackney@hull.ac.uk
Research Assistant / Post-doctoral representative on the School Research Committee

Stephen E. Darby

James L. Best

Andrew P. Nicholas

Rolf Aalto

Dimitri Lague

Abstract

Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This methods paper details the first attempt at monitoring bank erosion, flow and suspended sediment at a site during flooding on the Mekong River induced by the passage of tropical cyclones. We deployed integrated mobile laser scanning (MLS) and multibeam echo sounding (MBES), alongside acoustic Doppler current profiling (aDcp), to directly measure changes in river bank and bed at high (~0.05 m) spatial resolution, in conjunction with measurements of flow and suspended sediment dynamics. We outline the methodological steps used to collect and process this complex point cloud data, and detail the procedures used to process and calibrate the aDcp flow and sediment flux data. A comparison with conventional remote sensing methods of estimating bank erosion, using aerial images and Landsat imagery, reveals that traditional techniques are error prone at the high temporal resolutions required to quantify the patterns and volumes of bank erosion induced by the passage of individual flood events. Our analysis reveals the importance of cyclone-driven flood events in causing high rates of erosion and suspended sediment transport, with a c. twofold increase in bank erosion volumes and a fourfold increase in suspended sediment volumes in the cyclone-affected wet season. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2017-02
Journal Earth surface processes and landforms
Print ISSN 0197-9337
Electronic ISSN 1096-9837
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 42
Issue 2
Pages 334-346
Institution Citation Leyland, J., Hackney, C. R., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D. R., Best, J. L., Nicholas, A. P., …Lague, D. (2017). Extreme flood-driven fluvial bank erosion and sediment loads: direct process measurements using integrated Mobile Laser Scanning (MLS) and hydro-acoustic techniques: Direct measurement of flood-driven erosion using MLS and MBES. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 42(2), 334-346. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4078
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4078
Keywords Mobile laser scanning; Multibeam echo sounding; Bank erosion; Cyclone driven flooding; Mekong River
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/esp.4078/full
Additional Information Copy of article first published in: Earth surface processes and landforms, 2017, v.42.

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Copyright Statement
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any me dium,provided the original work is properly cited.




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