The issue of honour killing has become very acute in the Muslim countries/Asia in general and has got the attention of media and human rights groups in Pakistan in particular. This comment traces the origin of the notion of honour killing using Pakistan as case study. It also looks at the causes and abuses of the honour killing tradition and explores the Islamic as well as the legal dimension of this endemic issue in Pakistan. In addition, the Islamic law and human rights law positions will be considered and compared, to see whether or not both are compatible. The issue whether the tradition of honour killing is grounded in religion or culture will be looked at as well, together with the question of whether it is Islamic law or public perceptions of honour and shame, which need change.