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Diet uniformity at an early farming community in northwest Anatolia (Turkey) : carbon and nitrogen isotope studies of bone collagen at Aktopraklik

Budd, Chelsea; Karul, Necmi; Alpaslan-Roodenberg, Songül; Galik, Alfred; Schulting, Rick; Lillie, Malcolm

Authors

Chelsea Budd

Necmi Karul

Songül Alpaslan-Roodenberg

Alfred Galik

Rick Schulting

Professor Malcolm Lillie M.C.Lillie@hull.ac.uk
Professor in Prehistoric Archaeology and Wetland Science/ Programme Lead: BSc Archaeology & Environments, BA Archaeology & Human Geography

Abstract

Aktopraklık is a settlement site composed of three areas (A–C) in the Marmara region of northwest Anatolia, with phases of occupation that date to the Late Neolithic and Early Chalcolithic periods, mid-seventh to mid-sixth millennium bc (ca. 6400–5600 cal. bc). Here, we present 54 human and fauna bone collagen stable isotope results from the site, alongside five modern fish bone collagen isotope results, to examine the nature of human diet. The stable isotope analysis shows that human diet comprised the consumption of select C3 terrestrial resources, with a preference for domestic animal proteins over plant proteins. The evidence to date suggests that animal husbandry was at the forefront of Late Neolithic and Early Chalcolithic subsistence practices. No isotopic difference in humans is observed between biological sex or between areas B and C at the settlement.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2018-12
Journal Archaeological and anthropological sciences
Print ISSN 1866-9557
Electronic ISSN 1866-9565
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 8
Pages 2123–2135
Institution Citation Budd, C., Karul, N., Alpaslan-Roodenberg, S., Galik, A., Schulting, R., & Lillie, M. (2018). Diet uniformity at an early farming community in northwest Anatolia (Turkey) : carbon and nitrogen isotope studies of bone collagen at Aktopraklik. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 10(8), 2123–2135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-017-0523-4
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-017-0523-4
Keywords Neolithic; Anatolia, Turkey; Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes; Palaeodietary reconstruction
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12520-017-0523-4
Copyright Statement © The Author(s) 2017
Open Access
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Additional Information This is a copy of an open access article published in Archaeological and anthropological sciences, 2017.

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Copyright Statement
© The Author(s) 2017
Open Access
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.



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