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Henry II and the ideological foundations of Angevin rule in Ireland

Veach, Colin

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Abstract

The English invasion of Ireland is of central importance to the interconnected histories of Britain and Ireland. Yet there is still disagreement over the agency of its ultimate sponsor, King Henry II. This article argues that from the very beginning of his reign as king of England, Henry utilised a rising tide of intolerance among Europe’s clerical elite for those holding non-standard beliefs and customs to secure reluctant papal approval for an invasion of Ireland. Once that invasion finally got underway a decade and a half later, members of his court portrayed Henry’s firm rule as the necessary precursor to the reform of Irish religion and culture. This propaganda sought its justification in the intellectual and cultural flourishing of the twelfth-century renaissance, which provided European commentators with newly-revived models of logic and classification. In was also carried out amidst Crusade-inspired justifications for the violent subjugation or killing of religious non-conformists. The essential point, however, is that these clerical descriptions did not necessarily reflect contemporary secular opinion. When works written for secular audiences in the vernacular are analysed, they present a much more nuanced image of Ireland and the Irish. Gone are the references to civilising or reforming missions, and the clear sense of cultural superiority. What remains, however, is the fundamental belief that strong, centralised order is required for the successful running of society. This is what the English invaders told themselves, and this is what informed the first generation of settlement in Angevin Ireland.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date May 1, 2018
Journal Irish historical studies
Print ISSN 0021-1214
Electronic ISSN 2056-4139
Publisher Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 42
Issue 161
Pages 1-25
Institution Citation Veach, C. (2018). Henry II and the ideological foundations of Angevin rule in Ireland. Irish Historical Studies, 42(161), 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1017/ihs.2018.6
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/ihs.2018.6
Keywords Invasion of Ireland, Henry II, Barbarian, Twelfth-Century Renaissance, Just War
Publisher URL https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/irish-historical-studies/article/henry-ii-and-the-ideological-foundations-of-angevin-rule-in-ireland/41904BBCD2E768D20D8A45E32D6C2F5B
Copyright Statement ©2017 the Author
Additional Information This is a description of an article accepted for publication in Irish historical studies.

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