This article examines the role and training of prison officers in England, between 1877 and 1914. It is concerned with the changing penal philosophies and practices of this period and how these were implemented in local prisons, and the duties of the prison officer. More broadly, this article argues that the role of the prison officer and their training (from 1896) reflect wider ambiguities in prison policy and practice during this period.
Johnston, H. (2008). 'Reclaiming the criminal' : the role and training of prison officers in England, 1877-1914. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 47(3), 297-312. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2311.2008.00521.x