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Invasive cyprinid fish in Europe originate from the single introduction of an admixed source population followed by a complex pattern of spread

Simon, Andrea; Britton, Robert; Gozlan, Rodolphe; van Oosterhout, Cock; Volckaert, Filip A. M.; Hänfling, Bernd


Andrea Simon

Robert Britton

Rodolphe Gozlan

Cock van Oosterhout

Filip A. M. Volckaert

Bernd Hänfling


Dirk Steinke


The Asian cyprinid fish, the topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva), was introduced into Europe in the 1960s. A highly invasive freshwater fish, it is currently found in at least 32 countries outside its native range. Here we analyse a 700 base pair fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to examine different models of colonisation and spread within the invasive range, and to investigate the factors that may have contributed to their invasion success. Haplotype and nucleotide diversity of the introduced populations from continental Europe was higher than that of the native populations, although two recently introduced populations from the British Isles showed low levels of variability. Based on coalescent theory, all introduced and some native populations showed a relative excess of nucleotide diversity compared to haplotype diversity. This suggests that these populations are not in mutation-drift equilibrium, but rather that the relative inflated level of nucleotide diversity is consistent with recent admixture. This study elucidates the colonisation patterns of P. parva in Europe and provides an evolutionary framework of their invasion. It supports the hypothesis that their European colonisation was initiated by their introduction to a single location or small geographic area with subsequent complex pattern of spread including both long distance and stepping-stone dispersal. Furthermore, it was preceded by, or associated with, the admixture of genetically diverse source populations that may have augmented its invasive-potential.


Simon, A., Britton, R., Gozlan, R., van Oosterhout, C., Volckaert, F. A. M., & Hänfling, B. (2011). Invasive cyprinid fish in Europe originate from the single introduction of an admixed source population followed by a complex pattern of spread. PLoS ONE, 6(6), Article ARTN e18560.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 11, 2011
Online Publication Date Jun 3, 2011
Publication Date Jun 10, 2011
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Publicly Available Date Nov 13, 2014
Journal PLoS ONE
Print ISSN 1932-6203
Electronic ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher Public Library of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 6
Article Number ARTN e18560
Keywords Pseudorasbora-parva, Genetic diversity, Evolutionary genetics, Biological invasions, Cottus-gobio, DNA, Phylogeography, Fresh sequences, Distance
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