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Methane Dynamics in Peat: Importance of Shallow Peats and a Novel Reduced-Complexity Approach for Modeling Ebullition

Ramirez, J.; Coulthard, T. J.; Baird, A. J.; Waddington, J. M.

Authors

J. Ramirez

A. J. Baird

J. M. Waddington

Abstract

Northern peatlands are one of the largest natural sources of atmospheric methane (CH4), and it is important to understand the mechanisms of CH4 loss from these peatlands so that future rates of CH4 emission can be predicted. CH4 is lost to the atmosphere from peatlands by diffusion, by plant transport, and as bubbles (ebullition). We argue that ebullition has not been accounted for properly in many previous studies, both in terms of measurement and the conceptualization of the mechanisms involved. We present a new conceptual model of bubble buildup and release that emphasizes the importance of near-surface peat as a source of atmospheric CH4. We review two possible approaches to modeling bubble buildup and loss within peat soils: the recently proposed bubble threshold approach and a fully computational-fluid-dynamics approach. We suggest that neither satisfies the needs of peatland CH4 models, and we propose a new reduced-complexity approach that conceptualizes bubble buildup and release as broadly similar to an upside down sandpile. Unlike the threshold approach, our model allows bubbles to accumulate at different depths within the peat profile according to peat structure, yet it retains the simplicity of many cellular (including cellular automata) models. Comparison of the results from one prototype of our model with data from a laboratory experiment suggests that the model captures some of the key dynamics of ebullition in that it reproduces well observed frequency-magnitude relationships. We outline ways in which the model may be further developed to improve its predictive capabilities.

Publication Date Mar 19, 2013
Journal Geophysical monograph series
Print ISSN 0065-8448
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 184
Pages 173-185
Book Title Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands; Geophysical Monograph Series
ISBN 9781118666661; 9780875904498
Institution Citation Ramirez, J., Coulthard, T. J., Baird, A. J., & Waddington, J. M. (2013). Methane Dynamics in Peat: Importance of Shallow Peats and a Novel Reduced-Complexity Approach for Modeling Ebullition. In Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands; Geophysical Monograph Series, 173-185. American Geophysical Union. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008gm000811
DOI https://doi.org/10.1029/2008gm000811
Keywords REF 2014 submission|
Additional Information This is a monograph, ISBN 9780875904498