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Liquid viruses by nanoscale engineering of capsid surfaces

Patil, Avinash J.; McGrath, Nina; Elaine Barclay, J.; Evans, David J.; Cölfen, Helmut; Manners, Ian; Perriman, Adam W.; Mann, Stephen


Avinash J. Patil

Nina McGrath

J. Elaine Barclay

David J. Evans

Helmut Cölfen

Ian Manners

Adam W. Perriman

Stephen Mann


Surface engineering of plant virus capsids via cationization and stoichiometric coupling of a polymer surfactant coronal layer produces a highly concentrated, solvent-free liquid virus at 28 °C. These ionic bionanoconstructs are viscoelastic, retain plant infectivity and can be dispersed in a range of organic solvents for aerosol delivery.


Patil, A. J., McGrath, N., Elaine Barclay, J., Evans, D. J., Cölfen, H., Manners, I., …Mann, S. (2012). Liquid viruses by nanoscale engineering of capsid surfaces. Advanced materials, 24(33), 4557-4563.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 1, 2012
Online Publication Date Jul 16, 2012
Publication Date Aug 28, 2012
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Journal Advanced Materials
Print ISSN 0935-9648
Electronic ISSN 1521-4095
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Issue 33
Pages 4557-4563
Keywords Mechanical Engineering; General Materials Science; Mechanics of Materials
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