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The effects of conscious processing on golf putting proficiency and kinematics

Toner, John; Moran, Aidan


Dr John Toner
Lecturer in Sports Coaching and Performance

Aidan Moran


Researchers have suggested that skill performance deteriorates when people try to exert conscious control over automatic actions. Unfortunately, little is known about the effects of different types of conscious processing on skilled performance by expert athletes. We conducted two experiments to address this issue. Experiment 1 investigated the influence of a specific form of conscious control (making technical adjustments to a stroke) on the putting skills of expert golfers. The expert golfers maintained putting proficiency (i.e. number of putts holed) when making technical adjustments. However, this form of conscious processing altered the timing and consistency of golfers' putting strokes. Experiment 2 compared the influence of technical adjustments and conscious monitoring (paying attention to the execution of the stroke) on expert golfers' putting skills. Technical adjustments had no disruptive influence on expert golfers' putting proficiency but did reduce the consistency of their strokes. However, conscious monitoring was found to impair putting proficiency. The implications of the work for theory and future work are discussed.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2011
Journal Journal of sports sciences
Print ISSN 0264-0414
Electronic ISSN 1466-447X
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 7
Pages 673-683
APA6 Citation Toner, J., & Moran, A. (2011). The effects of conscious processing on golf putting proficiency and kinematics. Journal of sports sciences, 29(7), 673-683.
Keywords Conscious control, Explicit monitoring, Expertise, Kinematics, REF 2014 submission
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement ©2016 University of Hull
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of sports sciences on 16 Mar 2011, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline...80/02640414.2011.553964


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