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"Deep forestry": Shapers of the Philippine forests

Bankoff, Greg



Little attention has been paid to writing a more inclusive forest history of the Philippines, one that combines a biocentric and anthropocentric focus. Deep forestry is an attempt to do just that. It shows how the forest was shaped by climate, soil, fire, and animals as well as by human actions. Not only did people shape the forest, but the forest shaped the people. This article examines how these deep historical processes have worked out over time and explores the implications of adopting such a perspective.


Bankoff, G. (2013). "Deep forestry": Shapers of the Philippine forests. Environmental History, 18(3), 523-556.

Online Publication Date Apr 21, 2013
Publication Date Jul 1, 2013
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal Environmental history
Print ISSN 1084-5453
Electronic ISSN 1930-8892
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 18
Issue 3
Pages 523-556
Keywords Forestry; Philippines; Human geography; Ecosystem function
Public URL
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement ©2016 University of Hull
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Environmental history following peer review. The version of record Greg Bankoff, “‘Deep Forestry’: Shapers of the Philippine Forests,” Environmental History 18 (July 2013): 523 – 556. doi:10.1093/envhis/emt037 is available online at:


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